EZALUATING SOME OF URBAN GOVERNANCE INDICARORS IN METROPOLIS MASHHAD

Mohammad Hossein Papoli YAZDI, Hossein Hatami NEJAD, Fatemeh VOSOUGHI, Mohammad Mehdi Moravejo SHARIEH
1.882 507

Abstract


Abstract. Rapid growth of urbanization and the spread of towns and cities affected by rising global changes, especially for the metropolis, make the need to review the management and delivery of services to citizens by local governments in terms of structure (either governments or people authoritarian)   more than ever indispensable. This revision is mainly due to the structural changes because of local governments resulting from the inability in sustaining the urban management, with the aim of achieving the new structure, effective services to the people with better efficiency on the one hand And the transition from methods and novice   processes of urban management to superior and transcendent processes that refers to good urban governance occurs on the other hand,. Today, good governance as an approach, particularly in the planning and management of human resources, natural, economic and geographical space of the country, region and city to achieve balanced and sustainable development, as well as the rights of citizenship is considered. Local government and urban managers responsible behavior and how to use laws and regulations in the field of urban management and the process of interaction between city managers and citizens at various levels, explains the type of urban governance. Therefore performing research based on the principles and criteria of good governance and urban planning to promote it is considered undeniable necessity. This study by assessing the criteria of Transparency, Rule of law and Justice investigated good governance   in Mashhad. The method of this research is descriptive-analytic and is applicable; to achieve this goal, the populations with a sample size of 390 subjects were interviewed and 30 questionnaires were analyzed from urban managers in Delphi (expert opinion). The results show that the indicators discussed in the context of good governance in a metropolitan city Mashhad index of transparency is 2.15, rule of law 2.69 and justice is 2.48 according to the opinion of citizen, while according to the opinion of urban managers, Average rule of law is 2.86, transparency 2.69, justice is 3.07 And city managers have evaluated index of transparency, rule of law and justice more than   the citizens and the difference is also significant at the 0.05 level. This shows the difference between the purposes of the survey in view of the importance of studied indicators.

Keywords


Good Governance, Government, Transparency, The Rule of law, Justice, Mashhad Metropolis

Full Text:

PDF


References


Salehi, Esmail (2002), the heads of state summit in Johannesburg in 2002 and the importance of managing urban municipalities, Issue 35. Afolabi,

Aribigbola, Michael Folami, Olakunle,

Williams-Adewinle, Adewale,

Karimu,Olusola,(2013) Urban Governance In SUB.

Torabi, Alireza (2004) sustainable management of good governance , publication of municipalities.

Rahnama, Muhammad Ibrahim and Sadeghi, and Mojtaba Asadi, Roohollah. (2011) recognition and bonding patterns of urban management, eg metropolis of Mashhad, the third conference of planning and urban management, Mashhad, May.

Shahidi, Mohammad Hossein (2007), urbanization, transportation and urban governance, urbanization queries, the sixth year the numbers 19 and 20, the spring.

Portal of Governor of Khorasan Razavi, 2014, the Provincial Public Information.

Kazemian, Salehi et al. (2013) meta-analysis method and the results of the quality of urban life in Iran, Applied Sociology, No. 50.

Latifi, Gholamreza (2007) urban management of the country's municipalities and village administrations, cultural institutions information and press Tehran.

Shia, Esmail (2003) the need for the development of urban management in Iran, Journal of Geography and Development, spring and summer.

Akhoondi Abbas, Brak Pour, Nasser, Asadi, Iraj, Basirat, Meysam, Taherkhani, Habib (2008) pathological model of governance in Iran, human geography studies, 41.

Sarafi, Muzaffar (2001) concept, principles and challenges in urban management, urban management journal published by municipalities, (2).

Rahnamaei, Mohammad Taghi, Shah Hosseini, Parvaneh (2006) the process of urban planning in Iran, third edition, the publisher.

Saidi, Abbas (2008) good governance, urban management and rural encyclopedia, published by the municipalities and village administrations in the country.

Hornby،٬ A.S ،٬ Crowther،٬ Jonathan – ED . Kavanagh

،٬ Kathryn. Ashby ،٬Machael (1987 ) ،٬ reprint of

the 5th ed. Oxford University press.

Mirheidar, Dore (2006) Foundations of geopolitics, the publisher, Tehran.

. Qalibaf, Mohammad Bagher (2012), local government or the strategy of the spatial distribution of political power in Iran, Fifth Edition, Tehran, Amir Kabir.

. Barak Pour, Nasser , Assadi, Iraj (2009) management and urban governance, Tehran, University of Art.

Athari, kamal, Burke pur S, N; Kazemian, Gholamreza and Mahdizade, J. (1386) theoretical framework and the need for the formation of urban governance in Iran (dialogue), queries Urban Development, the sixth year the numbers 19 and 20, the spring.

Athari Kamal (2007) good governance and the need to restore public domain, queries of urbanization, the sixth year, the number 19 and 20 spring.

Asadi, Iraj (2003), planning and urban management from the realm of science to the field of politics (interview with Ali Madanipour), municipalities, Issue 57, February.

. Barak Pour, Nasser (2005) worthy urban governance and administration of cities in Iran, conference proceedings, planning and urban management.

Moayedi, Mohammed (2013) The role of urban governance index on the road toward sustainable urban development, planning and urban management Conference, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.