Importance and place of shrine King Rok Al-Din' mausoleum in the old texture of Dezful city

Mehdi MAKVANDI, Seyed Mohammad LARY, Nahid HASSANI, Zeinab KHODABAKHSHI, Meysam KHODABAKHSHI
1.752 536

Abstract


Abstract. The current building shrine king Rok Al-Din, including the court, porch, duplex chamber around the mausoleum and the west side of the court, dome homes,12-side dome rack ,entrance door of court' shrine mausoleum and north side atrium is the mausoleum court.The formation of mausoleum buildings, whether large and small tombs, the proportion of form and function, with various names have been known, architectural building of mausoleum is influenced by religious or political deceased character. Tombs areperforming an essential role in relations with other Islamic mausoleums.Sometimes individually and sometimes are set and alongside other religious mausoleums, such as mosques, schools, angles and ligaments are made. Closely linked among faith and religion and funerary architecture and religious ceremonies are observed in Iran and Muslims particular respect and interest for the shrines are attached.Tomb from own surroundings has obtained holiness aspect and over time, as a place of worship have been. and buried person' real identity  is forgotten and with characters who  more with location religious beliefs have consistent will be replaced, although the inscription is visible to everyone, from buried people at given tomb is relate but the  new identity found the general credit.For this purpose, by using descriptive research, based on the importance and place of shrine in the old texture of Dezful city and relying on data collection by Internet-library and arena, to the importance and to be special of  this important paid, that represent indigenous architecture and is compatible with continental and  environment conditions. Its architectural style is comparable to the era of the patriarch and timurid that aim is to recognize and pay attention to their position engineers and designer’s attention will be attracted.


Keywords


mausoleum, architecture, decoration, Dezful, Khuzestan

Full Text:

PDF


References


Ibn Huqel," travel", Iran Svrhalarz, translated by J. Motto, publisher of Technology, Tehran.

Ibn Huqel, A.," travel Ibn Huqel (in Svrh earth) (367 AD)", translated and explained J. Motto, Iranian Culture Foundation Press, 1345, Tehran.

Alhar Al-Ameli, Mohammad al-Hassan, Alshyh means, "Bob Astjab quadrature Alqbvr and Rq Arb Asab to humanity", Volume 1, 1409.

Atingha weight, Richard- Grabar, Oleg, "Islamic art and architecture", translated by James Azhand, 1999.

Arjah, holy, monument, "Encyclopedia of the Islamic World", letter b, 1375.

Afshar Sistani, Iraj," look at the province", second edition, published by Crystal, print Kyhank, 1990.

Eghtedari, Ahmad, "monuments Khuzestan (land sovereigns)", Volume I, Mfakhrmly "Iranian society and", second edition, 1996, Tehran.

Eghtedari, Ahmad, "monuments Khuzestan (land sovereigns)", Volume II, society and Mfakhrmly Iran, second edition, 1996, Tehran.

Eshpuler, Berthold, "in the early centuries of Islamic history", translated by J. Flatvry, vol. I, 1998.

Estakhri, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Persian," Masalik and countries (340 AD)", Bkvshsh Iraj Afshar, translation and publishing agency, in 1340, Tehran.

Imam (Ahwazi), Seyed Mohammad Ali, "articles about history", geography, Dezful, Daralmvmnyn Publications, First Edition, 2003, Dezful.

Imam (Ahwazi), MA, "Shjrnamh Sadat Mvrdyr (Mvrdgr)", 1995, first edition, top, Qom.

"ancient Parizi", Mohammad Ibrahim, Laith Jacob, fourth edition, published ode, 1986, Tehran.

Pourkazemi, Haj Kazem," historical geography Khuzestan Cultural Institute verses Press", 1995.

Hatem Ali, "of Islamic architecture in the Seljuk period", 2000.

Wisdom oven, MH," visit the holy shrines of Dezful", printing, publishing Daralmvmnyn, 2002, Dezful.

Dai D, Abdullah," Abrar and biography Alakhyar Assembly", second edition, published in Movement, 2001, Qom.

Encyclopedia of Islamic monuments, "cemetery monuments, Institute for Islamic Art and Culture", 2009, Tehran.

Dehkhoda, AA, "Dehkhoda Dictionary", under doctor Mohammad Moin, Tehran University Press, the dictionary.

Cultural Heritage, "Tourism and Handicrafts", the city of Dezful.

"The Environmental Protection Agency and the Khuzestan province".

"endowments and charitable city of Dezful".

Sotudeh, M., "Al-Alam me about Almshrq to Almghrb" (372Hjry), M. commendable efforts, printing, Tehran University Press, 1976, Tehran. .

Shabanpour, Ali, Dezful city, "(CD introduces the city of Dezful)", the first version, the Public Relations Committee of the Association of Friends of Cultural Heritage Branch, 2007.

Shahriari, SH, "the brick work on the decoration of tombs in the Seljuk period (5th and 6th centuries AH.)", MA thesis archeology, Tehran University, Faculty of Letters, winter 1998.

Kiani, Mohammad Yousuf, "the history of architecture in the Islamic period", the Publishing House, 1995.

Kiani, Mohammad Yousuf,” the architecture of the Islamic period”, the publication, in 2004, Tehran.

Grabar, Oleg, "was first mentioned Islamic monuments", of work, in 1996.

Arab, Lisa - Wilbur, Donald, "Timurid architecture in Iran and Turan", translation: Kayani and officers, 1995.

Arab 30, MH - Latifpour, Ahmad, scholars Dezful, "publications written culture", first edition, 2004, Dezful.

Qa'ravi, M; "tomb in the range of Iranian culture", 1997.

tulips, Hayedeh, "Samanids Mausoleum in Bukhara", Great Islamic Encyclopedia, Volume 8, 1377.

Latif Poor, Ali, Ahmed, "history Dezful", printing, publishing written culture, Tehran, 2006.

Moein, Mohammad, "Deputy Culture", Volume 1, Eighth Edition, published by Technology, 1992, Tehran.

Moghaddamnia (services), Abdul Ameer, Almzaryn Alshryfyn (Ali and owner) and Aqeel Ibrahim (AS), "the Department of Hajj and Pilgrimage city of Dezful", 1991, Dezful.

Naima, GR, "Dezful city of brick", Cultural Heritage, First Edition, 1997, Tehran.

Nazari, Dezful, Habibullah, "descendants of Sultan Ali, known as Rvdbnd black history black neighborhood Dezful", 1998, first edition, published sphere, Qom.

Nazari Dezful, Habibullah, Shjrnamh Sadat Rvdbndy - Dai "(descendants of Sultan Ali, known as Rvdbnd black and black neighborhoods History Branch)", publisher, author, publishing sphere, 1998, Qom.

Varjavand and others, monument, "Shia Encyclopedia", Volume III, 1992.

Wilbur, Donald," Islamic architecture in the Ilkhanid period", Translation: Abdullah Fryar, 1966.

Halen brand, Robert, "tombs", translated the officer's dignity in the architecture of the Islamic period, through the efforts of Mohammad Yousef Kiani, 1987.

Halen brand, Robert, "Islamic architecture", translation: Iraj Etesami, 1998.

Halen brand, Robert, "Iranian arts (architecture)", Edited by: W. Ferreira, translation: Parviz border, 1995.