Evaluation of effective factors on vitality of public spaces of new cities with emphasis on identity concept
Abstract. The formation speed of new cities and public spaces of these cities without consideration of environmental quality parameters on one hand and different social culture of immigrants to these cities on the other hand have caused that public spaces of these cities don’t have required identity and vitality in terms of physical and perceptional aspects in social relations of citizens.The received urban landscape includes physical and perceptional factors creating sense of place and its suitability or unsuitability in a person.The hypothesis of study is based on the fact that creating a good visual environment and coherent, diverse body of city in physical aspects and creating common collective activities consistent with various classes of people, participation of people in social events, respecting all classes and using some symbols of various migrant culture in common spaces can attract many people to the environment form social and perception aspects and increase sense of people and vitality of environment. The present study aimed to evaluate the effective criteria on improving vitality of public spaces of new cities and identity in them.A process that can recognize the suitable criteria and maintain consistency of structure of these public spaces in terms of physical aspects and can eliminate the contradictions and emphasize on historical and cultural issues and can create common collective beliefs.The study method is combinational and in the first step by the study of theoretical basics in qualitative part, the framework of theoretical basics of study as effective components on vitality and identity of public urban spaces is extracted and in the next step in quantitative section, these factors are investigated by providing questionnaire and the analysis of data and their evaluation in some successful samples. The effect of these factors is prioritized and finally by support of study hypothesis, some recommendations are presented for suitable design of spaces with emphasis on place identity index.
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