Good urban governance in Iran, Tehran and its management strategies
Abstract. Tehran is deemed as the most center of significant political, economic, social and cultural of the country. Despite the activities of the municipality and city council as democratic institutions, the mentioned institutions are still in the city administrations have not achieved its appropriate place. In addition to the municipality or and city council, various systems are effective in the management of Tehran. Some elements formed due to the development of the city and have been established for necessity of services. The majority of organizations and systems involved in the management of Tehran metropolisis affiliated with the government and pursuant to the duties follow the urban centralized decision-making system. In accordance with such circumstances, urban management is not known as an in dependent level of government in Iran. Old traditions and extraordinary oil revenues focused in the government’s domain has led to the domination of the public sector in all main areas of the society and established the urban local management to the approach and vision of "municipal government" from the top and also government decrees has made urban management under the government control in the absence of "urban governance" and citizen oriented attitudes and also have undermined the public domain, reduced initiatives and mobilize local resources.This paper discusses the governance status in Iran as well as Tehran as its metropolitan by investigating the library resources method, and then the strategies is studied for favorable system management of Tehran metropolis region, because the results showed that Tehran has no favorable position in terms of regional integration management: therefore ,it is needed to implement strategies for good governance and optimal management.
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