Explain the Basic Concepts of Islamic Architecture, Based on the Verses of the Holy Quran

Mohamad Mehdi MOUSAVIPOUR, Yaghowb PEYVASTEHGAR, Hamed HAYATY
2.698 527

Abstract


Abstract. The Holy Quran, Allah is the best and the latest and greatest jewel precious remains of Prophet Muhammad PBUH Islamic and boiling springs and boundless ocean facts. Islam is a religion of divine right and the last and the most complete and best religion in the provision of human happiness building Supply, worldly and otherworldly religion and most comprehensive in humans. Meanwhile, the Islamic religious schools in the urban environment of the maturing and compared to the theoretical concepts of learning are very positive and encouraging, on the other hand than the sum of individual congregations are intentional, so it cannot be indifferent to the various issues related to the city and architecture. School of Architecture and Urban Planning at the school is a belief based on theoretical ideas and so what is known as the Iranian-Islamic architecture and urban planning on the one hand Islam is rooted in the theoretical foundations on the other hand, rooted in long-standing culture of life in this area of the world. In other words, despite the ancient and historic landscape architecture and urban planning in the era before the advent of special concept of Islam and the teachings of the architects of this land have been spread after the of Islam in Iran using the principles of Islam, this concept has evolved and other effects. In this case, however, we must be careful that the foundations of two parts: the basic principles of Islamic thought and belief and minutiae behavior. Behavioral Aspects of religion and of course with no admission of fault is considered to be believed. Islamic architecture has features which are characteristic of Meta season and spatial meta-data. The architecture refers to the meaning and mystery of the world and received by all men in all ages and cultures and gives them influence. The present study sought to understand the concepts of explanation and understanding of Islamic architecture is based on some verses of the Holy Quran in this context eleven verses of the Quran is determined as follows: benefit determination set-O, a story or narrative, functional integrity, hierarchy, privacy and security, compliance with tunable size and proportions, clarity, unity, urban space, sacred geometry, contentment and satisfaction, interest in nature. Nature study, cross-sectional approach is based on inductive. By examining some of the original eleven verses using content analysis and extraction was proposed as the basic concepts of Islamic architecture. 


Keywords


Holy Quran, Islamic architecture, privacy hierarchy

Full Text:

PDF


References


Ayoazian, Simon, (1994), preserving traditional values in architecture, Contemporary Architecture, the magazine of the Fine Arts, Tehran University.

Ardalan, Nader and Bakhtiar, Laleh, (2001), a sense of unity, translated by Hamid Shah, publisher soil.

Bozorgmehri Z., (1992), Geometry in Architecture, Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran, Tehran.

Blokbashy, A., (1999), bottom housing, and the most primitive form of air conditioning in architectural history, architecture and culture journal, first year, first issue.

Blilan, Lida, (2008), thesis, role of intermediate spaces in the spatial organization of traditional Iranian architecture, Azad University, Science and Research.

Borgoan, (1983), Islamic designs (geometric), knot art making, with the introduction of the Sultan Jalaluddin explorer doctor. Tehran, art workshop.

Pirnia, Mohammad Karim, (1992), Introduction to Islamic Architecture, University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

Danshdost, Y., (1990), the city Peaks (Peaks Orchards), Cultural Heritage publications Soroush, Tehran. Ranjbar Kermani, Ali M., (2003), Understanding the architecture of Iran, Association of Iranian architecture. Al, Essam and Parman, Aisha (1984), the role of geometry in Islamic art, translation of Mansour rajbnia. , Soroush Press, Tehran.

Sultan-zadeh, H., (1993), input spaces in traditional Iranian architecture, Cultural Research Bureau in Tehran.

Shayan and Qari Poor, Hamid, M. (2003) A comparative study of Iranian architecture and Japanese cultural concepts, Journal of the village.

Sherbaf, (1997), and tie the knot, the Department of National Antiquities, publisher of Tathran. Schuon contends, F. Hoff, Studies in Religious Art (Volume I), rendering the doctor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Shiraz Arts Festival, unique. Tehran.

Shahriari, P., (1964) Geometry past and present, Khwarizmi. Tehran.

Tahbaz, M. (1995), Principles of desert architecture, platform magazine, Issue 19, 20, Tehran.

Loler, Robert, (1989), Sacred Geometry, Philosophy and Practice, translated by H. Moayeri, Iranian Cultural Foundation, Tehran.

Me'marian, G., (2007), Introduction to Residential Architecture of Iran, introverted typology, children, Soroush Press.

Documentation and Research Centre for Architecture (1997), Ganjnamch first book, martyr Beheshti University, Tehran.

Molavi, B., (1381), investigated the use of geometry in architecture Iran (Islamic period), Housing Research Center, Tehran.

Critchlow, K., (1973), Order in Space, London.

Bohumil Proochazka, Amjad, (1988), Determinants of Islamic architectture, Muslim Architecture Research Program.