Compare of metacognitive beliefs in women with breast cancer and healthy women

Masoumeh Ghanbari JEKTAJI, Vali KHALKALI
1.649 463

Abstract


Abstract. Chronic diseases are one of the most important health and psychological problems of modern society, and one of the most important kinds of these diseases is cancer. Breast cancer is a common, malignant and progressive disease and affects different aspects of individual's life. The aim of the present study was comparing metacognitive beliefs in women with breast cancer and healthy women. The design of this study was causal- comparative in which 75 women with breast cancer were compared with 75 healthy women, who were selected using available sampling method. Participants completed Metacognitive Questionnaire by Wales. Data were analyzed using multiple variance analysis test (Manova) and Hutling T. The results indicated that there is a significant difference between metacognitive beliefs of women with breast cancer and healthy women.

Keywords


Metacognition Beliefs, breast cancer

Full Text:

PDF


References


Bakhtiar, M. (2000). Psychiatric disorder sin patient's with body dimorphic disorder. Master's thesis in clinical psychology. Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Psychiatric Institute

Chen, Pei Ying,. Chang, Hui Chen. (2011). the coping process of patients with cancer European. Journal of oncology nursing.

First, M,. Spitzer, R,. Gibbon, M,. Williams, J. B.W. (1997). Structured Clinical Interview for DSM- IVAxis I Disorders (SCID-I), Clinical Version. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

First, M,. Gibbon, M,. Spitzer, R,. Williams, J,. Benjamin, L.(1997).Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders (SCID-II). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association .

Fissher, P., & Wells, A. (2008). Meta-cognitive therapy for obsessive – compulsive disorder: Acase series. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 39: 117-132.

Groth-Marnat, G. (1997). Handbook of psychological assessment (9th. ed). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Imel, Z., Baldwing, S., Bouns, K., MacCoon, D. (2008). Beyond the individual: Group effects in mindfulness-based stress reduction. Psychotherapy Research. , 18:735-742.

Kabirnzhad, S., Mahmoud, A., Hashemi, T. (2009). Predictchanges inprocess parameters. Pesky Emotional Cognition worry, perfectionism and disorder types Journal of clinical psychology,1:47-55.

Leany, R.L. (2007). Emotional schemas and resistance to change in anxiety disorders. Cognitive and Behavioral practice, 19(1), 36- 45.

Ma, SF., Teasdale, JD. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: Replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology , 72(3): 31-40.

Marnat, G.G. (2003). Handbook of Psychological Assessment (4rd ed). USA:John Wiley & Sons.

McCabe, J. (2011). Meta-Cognittive awareness of learning strategies in under graduates. Memory &Cognition ,39(3),462-76.

Mohammadkhani S, farjad M. The Relationship of the Metacognitive Beliefs and Thought Control Strategies with Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms in Nonclinical Population. 3. 2009; 1 (3) 1 (3) :35-51

Roelofs, Papageorgiou, Gerbera, Huibers, Peeters & Arntza, 2007Shirinzadeh-Dastgiri, S., Gudarzi, MA., Ghanizadeh, A., Naghavi, SMR.(2008). Comparison ofmetacognitive and responsibility beliefs in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder generalized anxiety disorder and normal individuals. J Psychiat &Clin Psychol, (14): 46-55. [Persian].

Tuncer, A. Murtat (2010). Cancer Report: Asian pacific organization for cancer preventation. Ankara-Turkey: Publisher New hope in health foundation

Wells, A. (2004). Certwright-Hatton S.A short form of metacognitions questionnaire. Behaviour Research and therapy. 42(24): 385-96.

Wells, A., Carter, KEP.( 2009). Maladaptive Thought Control Strategies in Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, and Non patient Groups and Relationships with Trait Anxiety. Int J of Cog Ther, (2): 224-234.

Wells, A., Spada, M. (2011). Metacognitions and negative emotion as predictors of symptom severity in chronic fatigue syndrome. J Psycho som Res. 70(4); 311-28.

Wells, A.(2007). Cognition about cognition: Metacognitive therapy and change in generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia. Cog & BehPract. 14(1): 18-25. [20] World health organization. (2010). Breast cancer: prevention and control. Availablefrom:http://www.who.int/cancer/detection/breastcancer/en/index.html (Accessedmay.2012)

Wells, A. (2009). Meta - Cognitive therapy for anxiety and depression. New York, the Guilford Press.

Wells, A., Welford, M., King, P., Papageorgiou., C, Wisely J., Mendel, E.(2010).A pilot randomized trial of metacognitive therapy applied relaxation in the treatment of adults with generalized anxiety disorder Behaviour Research and Therapy.(48): 429-434.

Wells, A., fisher, p., Myers, S., Wheatle, J., pateel, T., chris R.,B.(2012). Metacognitive therapy in treat ment- resistant depression: A Plat form trial. Behaviour Research and therapy volume 50, Issue 6, pages367-373.

Wells, A., & King, p.(2006). Meta-cognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 37. 206 -212.

Wells, A. The Metacognitive Model of Worry and Generalized Anxiety Disorder In: GCL Davey & A Wells (Eds) Worry and Psychological Disorders: Assessment and Treatment Chichester UK: Wiley; 2006. p. 78-90.