Application of geomorphology and geomorphosites in architecture and design of urban spaces (Reviewing study: Reduction of risks and attraction for tourism)
Abstract. The growth of cities and the resulting effects on surrounding environments; on the one hand, and the subjects relating to geomorphologic developmental studies in urban construction at macro level; on the other hand, are assumed today as the issues, which have drawn attention in many urban experts and planners. So, with presentation of a perfect, immediate, and direct attitude, the geomorphologic maps put some information about various forms of geomorphic phenomena and land features (roughness) at disposal of architects and civil engineers and interpretation of these maps will remarkably contribute to planners in developmental topography (positioning) of urban space and survey of any region. In this course, the current research was carried out as the reviewing study by aiming at application of geomorphology and geomorphosites in architecture and design of urban spaces.
The results showed that the geomorphologic risks are considered as one of the important subjects in human communities and if they are ignored, they may impose irrecoverable damage to human communities in all points of the world. Hence, it necessitates feasibility for geomorphology of the regions to develop physically and appropriately the urban area as well as to minimize the possible environmental risks (e.g. hazards caused by flood, earthquake, and volcanic eruption etc), and considering standards for urban construction. Lack of adequate knowledge about geomorphic environments and non- observance of geomorphologic principles in developing urban uses and constructions will be followed by irrecoverable damages.
Similarly, on the one hand the review on studies may indicate that with a composition of cultural, historical, and ecologic heritages, the geomorphosites present potential capabilities in line with sustainable tourism so that the geomorphosites may play noticeable role in planning proportional to geomorphotouristic potentials in the given zone as well as civil investments to attract tourists. Thus, the role of geomorphologic locations is deemed as important both from perspective of environmental survey and topography for developing urban construction and in terms of creating touristic attractions.
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