Application of geomorphology and geomorphosites in architecture and design of urban spaces (Reviewing study: Reduction of risks and attraction for tourism)

Musa DARVISHI, Pooya DOOLABI, Eghbal SEKHAVATI
2.738 525

Abstract


Abstract. The growth of cities and the resulting effects on surrounding environments; on the one hand, and the subjects relating to geomorphologic developmental studies in urban construction at macro level; on the other hand, are assumed today as the issues, which have drawn attention in many urban experts and planners. So, with presentation of a perfect, immediate, and direct attitude, the geomorphologic maps put some information about various forms of geomorphic phenomena and land features (roughness) at disposal of architects and civil engineers and interpretation of these maps will remarkably contribute to planners in developmental topography (positioning) of urban space and survey of any region. In this course, the current research was carried out as the reviewing study by aiming at application of geomorphology and geomorphosites in architecture and design of urban spaces.

The results showed that the geomorphologic risks are considered as one of the important subjects in human communities and if they are ignored, they may impose irrecoverable damage to human communities in all points of the world. Hence, it necessitates feasibility for geomorphology of the regions to develop physically and appropriately the urban area as well as to minimize the possible environmental risks (e.g. hazards caused by flood, earthquake, and volcanic eruption etc), and considering standards for urban construction. Lack of adequate knowledge about geomorphic environments and non- observance of geomorphologic principles in developing urban uses and constructions will be followed by irrecoverable damages.

Similarly, on the one hand the review on studies may indicate that with a composition of cultural, historical, and ecologic heritages, the geomorphosites present potential capabilities in line with sustainable tourism so that the geomorphosites may play noticeable role in planning proportional to geomorphotouristic potentials in the given zone as well as civil investments to attract tourists. Thus, the role of geomorphologic locations is deemed as important both from perspective of environmental survey and topography for developing urban construction and in terms of creating touristic attractions.


Keywords


Geomorphology, Geomorphosite, Architecture, Space Construction, Tourism, City

Full Text:

PDF


References


Chiesura, A. 2003, "The role of urban parks for the sustainable city, Landscape and urban Planning", Elsevier, Volume 68, Netherland.

Woudstra & Fieldhouse, 2000, "The Regeneration of Public Parks".Taylor & Francis Group.London .New York. 1 Edition.

Faizi, M. 2006,“The role of urban parks in a metropolitan city", Environmental sciences 12.

Caula. S, Hvenegaard. G.T, Marty. P (2009).The influence of bird information, attitudes , and demographics on public preferences toward urban green spaces: The case of Montpellier, France. Urban Forestry &n Urban Greening,117–128.

Rahimi Harabadi, Saeed (2011), “Geomorphologic risks in Sefidrood River Valley and its impact on urban development at Roodbar”, MA thesis in the field of physiography, major: geomorphology, Tehran University.

Crescenzoa, G., Di. Santo, A., 2007, High-resolution mapping of rock fall instability through the integration of photogrammetric , geomorphological and engineering– geological surveys, Quaternary International, No. 171–172, pp.118–130.

Smith, K., 2000, Environmental Hazards, Tranclated by: SHahpur Gudarzinejad and Ebrahim Moghimi,Tehran, The publication of Samt.

Haughton,G,(1997).Developing Sustainable Urban Development Models, Cities, 14.

Marcotullio,Peter J,(2001).Asian Urban Sustainability in the era of globalization, united Nation University, Institute of Advanced Studies, Tokyo, Japan.

Smith,K., Petley, D, N., 2009, Environmental Hazards Assessing and Reducing Disaster, Routledge Pub, Fifth Edition.

Pralong, J. P., 2005, A Method for Assessing the Tourist Potential and Use of Geomorphological Sites, Géomorphologie: Relief, Processus, Environnement, Vol. 3, PP. 189-196.

Parkiskar, A, Ghaffari Gilandeh, A (2006), “Geographic Information System GIS multiple decision- making analysis”, Organization for study and codification of human sciences textbooks of university (SAMT), year 2006.

Barrow, P.A, (1997), “Geographic Information System GIS”, Transl. Taher Kia, Hassan, SAMAT Pub.

Stein, Arenov, (1996), “Geographic Information Management System GISM”, Transl. National Cartography Organization.

Lagemiri,F. Photogrammetric recording and its application for urban planning. Blackwel.(2007).

Malek, Mohammadreza (2004), “A logical framework for analysis of timed- topologic relations of mobile objects in accompanied mediums”, PhD treatise in Technical and Engineering Faculty, Tehran.

National Cartography Organization (1998), “Information standard of digital data scale of 250000”, 3rd Vol.

Bullard, R.D.(2003).Atlanta Megasprawl.Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy,14,pp 17-23.

Ielenicz, M.(2009), Geotope, Geosite, Geomorphosites, The Annals of Valahia University of T‰rgovi_et, Geographical Series, Tome 9 / 2009.

Pereira,P. Pereira,D. Caetano,M. Braga,A(2007),Geomorphosite assessment in Montesinho Natural Park (Portugal), Geographica Helvetica Jg. 62 2007/Heft 3.

Shayan, Siavosh, Sharifikia, Mohammad, Zare, Gholamreza (2010), “Assessment of geomorphologic potentials of landforms based on Pralong technique, (Case study: Darab Town)”, Journal of geographic studied in dry zones, year 1, vol. 2, winter 2010, pp 73-91.

Reynard. E, Panizza. M.(2005) Geomorphosites: definition, assessment and mapping, I1, Quaternario, 18 (1), Volume special, 286-312.

Hajj Aliloo, Behzad, Nekooyee Sadri, Bahram (2011), “Geotourism”, Tehran: Payam-E- Noor (PNU) University Pub.

Comanescu, L. Nedelea, A . Dobre, R.(2011) Evaluation of geomorphosites in Vistea Valley (Fagaras Mountains-Carpathians, Romania), International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol. 6(5), pp. 1161 -1168, 4 March, 2011. Http://www.ngdir.com.

Reynard, E Fontana, G Kozlik, L .Scapozza, C (2007), A method for assessing «scientific» and «additional values» of geomorphosites, Geographica Helvetica Jg. 62 2007/Heft 3.

Ritter,f,d, Kochel,c and Mill,Rj ,(2002), Process geomorphology ,4thed ,New York- grow- Hill.

Nekooyee Sadri, Bahram (2009), “Principles of geotourism with focus on Iran”, Tehran: SAMT Pub.

Servati, Mohammadreza, Ghasemi, Afshan (2008), “Geotourism strategies in Fars Province”, Quarterly of geographic space, 8th year, vol. 23, winter 2008.

Mokhtari, Davood (2010), “Assessment of ecotouristic potential of geomorphic locations in Asiab Kharabeh zone water basin at northwest of Iran by means of Pralong method”, Quarterly of geography and development, summer 2010, vol. 18, pp 27-52.

Fassoulas, Ch. Mouriki D. Dimitriou Nikolakis P. George I., (2011) Quantitative Assessment of Geotopes as an Effective Tool for Geoheritage Management; geoheritage,21,pp 264 -245 .

Maghsoudi, Mehran, Shamsipour, Ali Akbar, Noorbakhsh, Fatemeh (2011), “Potentiometry of optimal zones of geomorphotourism development (Case study: Maranjab zone at south of Salt Lake)”, Journal of physiography, vol. 77, pp 1-19.

Rajai, A. hamid,(1993), The Application of geomorphology to landscape efficiency and environmental management.Nasher Gomas.

Roostaii, Sharam, and Sari. Sarraf, Behroz,(2006), Zonation effective environmental hazards in the physical development of the Tabriz city.Quarterly, geography and development journal.Serial number 10. pp(110- 126).

Abedini Mousa,(2009), An investigation on the development limitations and Environmental development(using GIS), Quarterly, geography and development journal. Serial number 15.

Khosravi, Younes, Oshnoei, Amir (2008), “Geomorphologic phenomena and their impact on formation and development of cities”, A collection of essays presented in 1st national conference on position of geomorphologic studies in land survey and environmental management, Group of geography, department of literature and human sciences, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch.

Farokhi, Cyrus, Hedayati Arani, Mojtaba, Rahimi Harabadi, Saeed (2013), “Assessment of potentials of geomorphosites in Maranjab zone in developing tourism through comparison of geomorphotouristic models”, Quarterly of applied geomorphology of Iran, 1st year, spring & summer 2013.

Goudie. A.S. (2004): Encyclopedia of Geomorphology.Rutledge Pub. Vol. 2.

Ario, Cook, JC, Dover Camp (?), “Geomorphology of and environmental management”, Transl. Goodarzi Nejad, Shapoor (1998), SAMT Pub, pp 201-202.

Kamyabi, Saeed (2004), “Presentation of different strategies to prevent and reduce landslide risks in design of linear structures”, vol. 63.

Setayeshi Nasaz, Hassan, Roostaii, Shahram, Omrani Doorbash, Mojtaba, Zarepisheh, Narges (2013), “Study on geomorphologic bottlenecks and their impacts on physical development of city using GIS and APA technique (Case study: Givy city)”, Journal of quantitative geomorphology, 2nd year, vol. 4, spring 2014.

Sarvar, Rahim (2004), “Positioning for future development of Miandoab city using AHP model”, Journal of geographic researches, vol. 49, pp 19-38.

Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Reza, Jihadi Toroghi, Mahnaz (2007), “The effects of developing Mashhad city on natural drainage model and intensification of urban floodwaters”, Journal of geographic researches, vol. 61, pp 145-159.

Ghanbari, Abdul Rasool, Moghli, Marziyeh, Abbi, Yousef (2010), “Detrrent geomorphologic factors in spatial survey of Lar city”, Quarterly of physiography, 3rd year, vol. 9, pp 43-69.

Rezaei, Parviz, Malekroodi, Parvaneh (2010), “Geomorphologic constraints for physical development of Roodbar city”, Quarterly of physiography, 3rd year, vol. 7, pp 41-52.

Rajaei, Abdul Hamid (1994), “Application of morphology in land survey and environmental planning”, 1st Ed, 1994, Ghomes Pub.

Abbasi, Davood (2007), “Review of the role of geomorphologic factors in land survey”, A collection of essays presented in 1st scientific conference on geography and land survey, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan Branch.

Saedi Bonab, Javad (2008), “Identification of earthquake and predication of earthquake in Iran”, 1st Ed, 1999, Danesh-Va- Fan Pub.

Zomorodian, Mohammad Jafar (1999), “Application of physiography in urban and rural planning”, 3rd Ed, 1999, SAMT Pub, pp 39-42.

Nader Sefat, Mohammad Hossein (2000), “Geomorphology of urban regions”, 1st Ed, 2000, Tehran: SAMT Pub.

Quaranta, G., 1993, Geomorphological Assets: Conceptual Aspect and Application in the Area of Crodo da Lago (Cortina d’Ampezzo, Dolomites), in Panizza M., Soldati M., Barani D. (Eds): European Intensive Course on Applied Geomorphology, Proceedings, Modena – Cortina d’Ampezzo, 24 June – 3 July 1992, PP.49-60.