Analysis of spatial disparities between regions in Tehran and providing balanced spatial development strategies

Kamyar BOZORGNEJAD, Keramatollah ZIARI
1.555 383

Abstract


Abstract. Spatial inequalities and imbalances occur when the spatial structure of the various parts of the region are clear and has obvious differences. These differences need to develop different solutions for different areas in order to fulfill the lofty goal of balancing the space in the region. The purpose of this study was to analyze the spatial disparities in Tehran in order to determine strategies for creating a balanced spatial development in the cities of Tehran province. Study method is cross-sectional and the approach is functional. The statistical population includes 16 cities of Tehran province. In this study, area of the city and region of the province is considered. The used indexes includes 33 indicators of health - remedy, transport and communications, infrastructure development, social, economic, cultural - welfare, educational - population and natural. We use taxonomy numerical model to analyze the data and the standard model of z and one-sample T Test and LSD to investigate the relationship between the variables of multivariate regression coefficients. According to the results of numerical taxonomy, due to selected indicators, city of Damavand is in the first place, second and third places were Shemiranat city and Firoozkooh city. Tehran city is located in the eighth grade. The results of the regression analysis show lack of balance among the cities of Tehran, because always, the cities of Tehran province are in different classes in terms of development indices. Based on T-test, we can say that, in terms of used indexes, many of the cities of Tehran province are different from each other in terms of development. The use of LSD shows different ranks of different cities and indices of different parts separately. Finally, for optimal development of cities in Tehran Province, some strategies are presented.


Keywords


Spatial inequality, development indices, numerical taxonomy model, balanced spatial development strategies, Tehran region

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References


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