Civic management and sustainable development to come by civic sustainable development

Maryam KARIMIAN BOSTANI, Sedigeh MOSAZADEH, Zinat HUSAINI DEH MOSA
1.468 332

Abstract


Abstract. Sustainable development and civic sustainable development gradually has in recent decades been turned to a modern and dominant paradigm in common theoretical and practical literature concerning civic development and planning. This paradigm, however, observes different interpretations and deductions, but totally emphasizes on stability and continuation of development for all and future generations during the time and on multilateral observation of complicated economic, social and environmental dimensions of development process in a country or city. Sustainable development is set forth in all levels of space organization (local, regional and global); but in civic level, because of continually increasing centralization of population and economic activities, particularly in under-developed countries, has called more attention. The goal in this study is multilateral recognition of sustainable development and strategies for achieving civic sustainable development. Descriptive-analytical methodology has been used.

Keywords


Sustainable development,Civic sustainable development, Civic planning,civic management

Full Text:

PDF


References


Arghan, A, 1382, settling a space for planning of sustainable development of residential network of Semnan city, PhD Thesis, Azad Islamic University, research sciences of Tehran Branch

Brickman; J: (2000) Nachhaltige raumentwicklung imdreiddimensionalen Nebel, in:UNP- Gesellschan: UNP-Report3-2000. UNP-Werlaj; hamn; 2000

Barin Zadeh, V, 1382, investigating effective economical factors on sustainable development and water resources’ management in agriculture sector (Case study of Kerman province), PhD thesis Islamic Azad University, Science and researches of Tehran branch

Drakakis-smith; D; Sustainable; Urbanization and Development; Third World Planning Review; 18(4) pp 3-5; 1995

Edwards.B. Sustainable Architecture, Architectural press. Oxford. UK. 1999

Hall; P; Toward Sustainable; livable and Innovative Cities for 21st Century. In proceeding of the Third Conference of the World Capitals; Tokyo; pp. 20-30; 1999

Ibrahimi, A, 1387, investigating the role of economical needs of citizens in civic sustainable development- case study of Shahr- E-No, M.A. dissertation

Nasiri, Ismail, index recognition of civic sustainable development in Iran (Challenges of globalization era), Puyesh Magazine, Islamic Azad University Shahr-e-Ray branch, 1388

Nasiri, H, development and Tehran sustainable development, Organization of environmental protection, Tehran, 1384

Papli Yazdi, Rajabi Senajerdi, Husain, city and perimeter theories, Samt Publications, Tehran 1382

Sayah Nia, Romina, determination of lands’ proportion for future civic development from the ecological view point, Space Magazine, First year, No 1, Tehran, 1382

Terner, Tom, Nurian, Farshad, city like outlook, Civic processing and planning corporation, 1379

Lotfi, Heidar, Edalatkhah, Fardad, Mirzaei, Mino, Vazirpour, Shabbo, Civic Management and its place in promotion of citizens’ rights, Seasonal Journal of Human Geography, Second year, First No, Islamic Azad University of Gramsar, 1388

Yaqubi, Reza, Parhizgar, The conception of sustainable development in Mega city of Tehran, 1388, Sarzamin Magazine, Islamic Azad University Research Sciences, Tehran

Zaker Haqiqi, K, study and investigation center of city making and architecture, Ministry of dwelling and city making, Tehran, 1384