Investigating Computer Fraud in Criminal Justice System of Iran

Zahed YOSEFI, Ahmad AHMADI
1.488 273

Abstract


Abstract. The prevalence of computer crimes causes different kinds of damage in the society. Some of these crimes result in considerable financial and economic damage to the society. Among these crimes, computer fraud is considered a completely outstanding crime. The purpose of this research is to show the fact that although committing the crime of computer fraud in the setting of computer systems and generally in cyberspace may have various similarities with its traditional form, committing this crime occurs in a different space and context in which traditional fraud is committed. In addition, the special features of this transnational network due to its unlimitedness have created a situation that has made countries limited in enforcing penal laws on the one hand, and in spite of the existence of these limitations in enforcing penal laws, the criminals of this field commit unauthorized acts in relation to the data and information in cyberspace on the other hand that investigating these crimes requires specialized penal legal procedure, because legal procedure in the cyberspace crimes is different from material space. Many of the principles, which are already conducted in the judgments according to the existing traditions, cannot be applicable in cyberspace and definitely require new knowledge.


Keywords


Cyberspace, Computer Crimes, Computer Fraud, Penal Legal Procedure

Full Text:

PDF


References


Moradian S. (2011). Investigating Computer Fraud And Comparing It With Traditional Fraud In Criminal Provisions Of Iran. Msc Thesis, University Of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

Williams M. (2010). “Cybercrime”. In Brookman, F., Bennett, T., Maguire,M., And Peirpoint, H(Eds) Handbook Of Crime. Cullompton: Willan.

Varavaei A., And Momenipour H.(2013). Cyber Crime: The Etiology And Prevention. Tehran: University Of Judicial Sciences And Administrative Services.

Dazyani, M.H. (2010). Feasibility Study Of Computer Crimes: Necessary Regulation In Substantive Criminal Law. First Edition, Tehran: Secretariat Of The High Council Of Informatics, Vol. 1 And 2.

Ghannad F. (2006). Dimensions Of E-Commerce Law. Phd Thesis, University Of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran.

Alipour H.(2011). Criminal Law Of Information Technology. First Edition, Tehran: Khorsandi Press.

Goldouzian I. (2011). General Criminal Law. Vol. 1, Tehran: University Of Tehran.

Sieber U. (1998). Legal Aspects Of Computer-Related Crime In The Information Society: A CONCRIME Http://Www.Oas.Org/Juridico/English/COMCRIME%20Study.Pdf Study. Available At:

Mir Mohammad Sadeghi H. ( 2008). International Criminal Court. 3rd Edition, Tehran: Dadgostar Press.

Khoramabadi A. (2007). Computer Fraud In Iran And International Level. Journal Of Law, Faculty Of Law And Political Science, University Of Tehran, Vol.2.

Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, H. ( 2009).Crimes Against Properties And Ownership. 19th Edition, Tehran: Mizan Press.

Habibzadeh J.(2009). Specific Criminal Law: Crimes Against Properties. 6th Edition, Tehran: Samt Press.