1.820 465


Abstract. Human various categories are in a continual change during this era and are making different challenges that are notable in the appropriate time and place. Art and ephemeral art are the examples of this challenging field. Art which is not created to remain permanently is called ephemeral art. Ephemerality is a phenomenon which has changed many fixed definitions of special places like museums. This kind of art needs special places to be created, showed and preserved; though these masterpieces are not preservable mostly. A place which can change with its contemporary requirements; but with a function as identified above, which can accept all theories with the fullest liberty, and is able to change with the needs of time, and can even accept its own decline. This is a challenging field which some critics have considered it as an anti-curator and anti-museum cause.Different methods of research such as studying case-studies, library search, and  interviews were used for the purpose of this study. The results indicate that, on the basis of different artists' aims, placing definition changes ends to choosing a special place for creating art. Taking place has different phases that are categorized here:Where the ephemeral art is happening makes a sense of place. If the process happens for several times, it becomes a place in people's memory. Some other artists preferred common art-showing places like amphitheaters, concert halls, and other special galleries and museums. With the purpose of having exhibition in such places, some artists, but not the most, create masterpieces suitable for the place. This means that they narrow down their ideas for suiting such places. Some others prefer to abandon museums to choose a place with all required liberty for creating their art. Some consider the abundance an opposition to museums and curators. Some artists choose natural places for creating art for the natural potentials of these places, and they are mostly creating their art alone or with a cooperation of a limited group. This means that they do not have common visitors but the purpose  of this group of artists is not creating art for showing to others. Some of them create art just for themselves and for their own pleasure, and most of the time they leave their art in the nature and the art goes out, through the time. Some artists aim to create ephemeral art and they choose any of the places above like virgin nature, streets, and any other places suitable to their thoughts and ideas.


Ephemeral Art, place, sense of place

Full Text:



Bani, M. A. (2007).Post-modernity and architecture» Publications Khak, Tehran.

Carmona, M.(2003). Designing Cities, V.Moudon, Anne, A catholic approch to organizing what urban designer should know, Blackwell Press, Australasia.

Carpenter, B. & Stephen, I.( 2008).Ephemeral art: Visualizing time.Child Art, USA. Carmona, M. (2006). Public Places, Urban Spaces, Architectural press, Elsevier, Oxford.

Catherin , R. (2010).Contemporary art history and geography (trans:M. Nonahali, Tehran publication.

Cuthbert,A. (2006). The Form of Cities, Blackwell publication, Australasia.

Daiello, V. (2008).Ephemera in art, Child Art, USA, ISSN: 1096-9020

Dehkhoda, A. (1994),Dehkhoda dictionary. Volume XIII, Mozaf-Navakhane Publication, Tehran University, Iran.

Dehkhoda, A. (1994). Dehkhoda dictionary, Volume III, Mozaf-Navakhane Press, Tehran University, Iran.

Doumezon Rouge, I. (2010).Contemporary art,, Translated by J. Arab-zade , Art University Publication, Tehran.

Eike, C. (2008). Here today gone tomorrow.Child Art, USA, ISSN:1096-9020

Klein, Sh. (2008). Ephemeral art: ... ephemeral art asks that we appreciate the art work now in the present moment, for it may not be there tomorrow.Child Art, USA, ISSN: 1096-9020

Norberg - Schultz, Ch. (2003).Architecture: Meaning and Place (Trans: Borazjani) Jane Jahan publication, Tehran.

Ralph E. (2010).Place and non-place. (Trans M.R. Mohammadi, K. Mandgary), Armanshahr Publication, Tehran.

Reisberg, E. (2008). Touching the ephemeral moment,Child Art, USA, ISSN: 1096-9020.

Relativity, K. (2007).The theory of postmodernism in architecture. Trans: Shirazi, Ney Publication , Tehran.

Sadat Habibi, R. (2008).Mental images and sense of place, Fine Arts Magazine,. 35, 39-50.

Sami Azar, A. (2010).Modern approach and contemporary art objects, art magazine tomorrow, 28(1),59- 54.

Thompson, D. L (2008) .Making ephemeral art, Child Art, USA, ISSN: 1096-9020

Zaephemeraln, M., (2010).The Philosophy of the Present and Future Herams Publication, Tehran.