Creating Passive Defense System By Using Smart Materials in Sustainable Buildings
Abstract. Todays, due to the increase of urban population and lack of resources and too much focus on cities, energy supply, due to increased energy consumption, is very difficult and expensive. This is despite the fact that over % 40 of the energy is consumed in buildings and people’s lives dependen on it and this issue reaches to its peak when people’s lives are in danger during the crisis of power outage. Passive defense measures are done to reduce vulnerability in times of crisis without the use of military actions and exclusively by the use of technical and management practices to reduce losses and casualties. To avoid or lessen such tangible disasters that may happen during floods, earthquakes, wars and so on strategies such as the use of smart materials can be used. In fact, sustainable buildings with passive defense system can be designed so that the agent or other person is not needed to provide energy and the building itself could easily provide the required energy. Sustainable architectural principles used in these buildings should also meet the needs of its users as well. In other words , it should provide the maximum comfort for the residents and the lowest cost and to act in times of crisis so that the residents’ energy requirements gets resolved without the presence of the agent. Therefore, in this study in which the library method was used to collect data, smart materials which help to achieve passive defense in construction of sustainable buildings, were introduced.
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