Analyzing Traditional Architectural Solutions in Reducing Energy Consumption (Residential Design in Mashhad Climate)
Recently a lot of attention has been paid to declining energy sources of fossil fuels, but compared to consumption level they are not renewable. In many countries, the issue of saving energy has been widely studied and has produced positive results with the help of executive systems and true management. Today, by both considering economic factors, independence, and so on, and utilizing renewable energy, Iranian can achieve energy saving in their environment due to Iran’s geographical and climatic location. What could be effective in energy saving in Iran’s old cities texture was existence of architectural principles consistent with the climate and the use of appropriate materials of that environment, but for now observing construction standards based on new technology consistent with the climate and using existing and conventional materials can reduce energy consumption in the residential texture. Utilizing predecessor’s experiences and applying methods of energy consumption reduction based on traditional architecture consistent with the climate, we can use them in the present homes in a modern way. In this paper, considering the high cost of housing in the contemporary period and the increase in energy consumption in today’s buildings, we will identify and study the architecture elements and design and ways to reduce energy consumption, and environmental factors influencing their design, to provide structural design based on the analysis of traditional architecture solutions in energy consumption reduction.
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