A Sociological Study of the Effect Social Development on Cultural-Political Convergence in Kurds: A Case of Kurdish People Living in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey

Seifollah SEIFOLLAHI, Mhrdad NVABAKHSH, Ghafur SHEIKH, Sulayman KURDEH
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Abstract. Kurds living in Turkey, Iran, and Iraq play a significant role in planning and implementation of macroeconomic policies. The current condition of Kurds and their future convergence or divergence is one of the concerns of central governments. Some factors such as education, social self-esteem, stability and security, equality and justice, freedom of choice, and political will can affect their convergence, while other factors such as gender seem to have no significant effect on it. One of the key findings of this research was that Iranian Kurds were in a better condition that Turkish and Iraqi Kurds in terms of literacy rate, insurance coverage, stability/security, and media consumption. Turkish Kurds had a better condition in terms of employment and urbanization, while Iraqi Kurds were superior in freedom of choice and political will. Female Kurds in Turkey had higher information and participation than others. Overall, social and cultural convergence in these regions is expected to increase due to media consumption, shared history and language, and increased education and knowledge. However, political convergence seems impractical due to differences in the visions of central governments, sensitivity of the region, interference of superpowers, and the Kurds’ dedication to peace, progress, and security.  


Social development, political convergence, multiculturalism

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