Evaluatıon Of Use Fe And Zn Mıcronutrıents Applıcatıon On Quantıtatıve And Qualıtatıve Traıts Of Safflower (Carthamus Tinctorius L.)

1.762 941


Abstract. In order to evaluate the effects of  micronutrients on quantitative and qualitative yield of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.), a field experiment was carried out at Research Farm of Agricultural Faculty, saveh University during growing season of 2012-2013. The experiment performed based on RCBD with 3 replications and 2 treatments including: Fe, Zn, B, pair combination of them and control. Foliar application of Fe (as FeSO4) , Zn (as ZnSO4) was used two times, before flowering and after pollination. The results showed significant differences in plant height, seed yield and biological, thousand seed weight and percentages of protein and oil due to application of micronutrients. The maximum seed yield, plant height and thousand seed weight, protein percentage and oil percentage was relevant to Zn-Fe pair combination at micronutrient application. In general, application of micronutrients had positive effects on quantitative and qualitative traits of safflower.


Oıl Percentage, Plant Heıght, Seed Yıeld, Micronutrients

Full Text:



Ateegue, M., Malewar, G.U., and More, S.D. 1993. Influence of phosphorus and boron on yield and chemical composition of sunflower. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 41: 100

Babhulkar, P.S., Dinesk, K., Badole, W.P., Balpande, S.S., and Kar, D. 2000. Effect of sulfur and zinc on yield, quality and nutrient uptake by safflower in vertisols. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 48: 541-543.

Brennan, R.F. 2001. Residual value of zinc fertilizer for production of wheat. Australian

Journal of Experimental Agricultural 41: 451-547. Dajue, L., and Muendel, H.H. 1996. Safflower: Carthamus tinctorius L. promoting the conservation and use of under utilized and neglected crop. Institute of Plant Genetic and Crop

Plant Research. Glatersleben/Int. Plant Genet. Resour. Inst., Rome. Guo Yuhai, X., and Lianlu, L. 1992. The relations between yield formation and development of flowering parts as well as growth of branches leaves. Third International

Safflower Conference Beijing China pp: 465-477. Hadi, H., Babaei, N., Daneshian, J., Arzanesh, M.H., Hamidi, A. 2011. Effects of

Azospirillum lipoferum on seedling characteristics derived from sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) seed water deficit conditions. Agroecology 3(3): 320-327. (In Persian with English Summary) Jha, A.N., and Chandel, A.S.A. 1987. Response of soybean to zinc application. Indian

Journal of Agronomy 32: 354-358. Leilah, A.A., Badawi, M.A., Moursy, E.L., and Attia, A.N. 1990. Response of soybean plants to foliar application of zinc different levels of nitrogen. Journal of Agricultural Science,

Mansoura, University 13: 556-563. Lewis, D.C., and McFarlane, J.D. 1986. Effect of foliar applied manganese on the growth of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) and the diagnosis of manganese deficiency by plant tissue and seed analysis. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 37: 567-572.

Mosavi, S.R., Galavi, M., and Ahmadvand, G. 2007. Effect of zinc and manganese foliar application on yield, quality and enrichment on potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Asian Journal of Plant Science 6: 1256-1260.

Movahhedy-dehnavy, M., Modarres-Sanavy, S.A.M., and Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A. 2009.

Foliar application of zinc and manganese improves seed yield and quality of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) grown under water deficit stress. Industrial Crops and Products 30: 82- Nagaraj, G. 1987. Effect of foliar spray of micro nutrients on yield and chemical composition of peanut in calcareous soils. Annals of Plant Physiology 1: 196-202.

Rajput, A.L., Singh, D.P., and Singh, S.P. 1995. Effect of soil and foliar application of nitrogen and zinc with farmyard manure on late-sown wheat (Tritium aestivum L.). Indian

Journal of Agronomy 40: 598-600. Ramesh, S., Raghbir, S., Mohinder, S., Sharam, R., Singh, R., and Singh, M. 1999. Effect of P, Fe on the yield of sunflower. Annals Agricultural Research 4: 445-450.

Ramroudi, M., Keikha Jaleh, M., Galavi, M., Seghatoleslami, M.J., and Baradran, R. 2011.

The effect of various micronutrient foliar applications and irrigation regimes on quantitative and qualitative yields of isabgol (Plantago ovata Forsk.). Agroecology 3(3): 277-289. (In Persian with English Summary) Rashid, A., Bughio, N., and Rafique, E. 1994. Diagnosis zinc deficiency in rap seed and mustard by seed analysis. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 25: 3405-3412.

Ravi, S., Channal, H.T., Hebsur, N.S., Patil, B.N., and Dharmatti, P.R. 2008. Effect of sulphur, zinc and iron nutrition on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and quality of safflower

(Carthamus tinctorius L.). Karnataka Journal Agriculture Science 32: 382-385. Sangale, P.B., Palit, G.D., and Daftardar, S.Y. 1981. Effect foliar application of zinc, iron and boron on yield of safflower. Journal of Maharashtra Agriculture University 6: 65-66.

Sarkar, R.K., and Sasmal, T.K. 1998. Effect of micronutrients on physiological parameter in sunflower. Indian Journal Agriculture Science 98: 233-240.

SAS Institute. 1999. SAS/Stat User’s Guide, Version 8.0 SAS Institute, Cary, NC.

Sawan, Z.M., Hafez, S.A., and Basyony, A.E. 2001. Effect of nitrogen fertilization and foliar application of plant growth retardant and zinc on cotton seed, protein and oil yields and oil properties of cotton. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 186: 183-191.

Sharma, A.K., Srrvastava, P.C., Johri, B.N., and Rathore, V.S. 1992. Kinetics of zinc uptake by mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal corn roots. Biology and Fertility of Soils 13: 206- 2

Shekhargoud, M., Ravi, H., Patil, N., Manjappa, K., and Hunje, R. 1997. Effect of Sulfur and zinc of the growth and yield of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Kama taka. Journal of

Agriculture Science 103: 366-771. Singh, R., Sharma, R.K., and Singh, M. 1996. Effect of P, Zn, Fe, CaCO3, and farmyard manure application on yield and quality of sunflower. Annals of Biology Ludhiana 12: 203-208.

Yilmaz, A., Kiz, H.E., Torun, B., Gulekin, I., Karanlk, S., Bagci, A., and Cakmak, I. 1997.

Effects of different zinc application methods on grain yield and zinc concentration in wheat cultivars grown on zinc deficient calcareous soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition 20: 461-471.