ALLIUM CEPA L. (AMARYLIDACEAE) KÖK UCU HÜCRELERİ ÜZERİNE ULTRAVİYOLE RADYASYONUN FİZYOLOJİK VE GENOTOKSİK ETKİLERİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI

Baran SEVEN, Kültiğin ÇAVUŞOĞLU, Emine YALÇIN, Kürşat ÇAVUŞOĞLU
3.296 659

Abstract


In this study the physiological and cytogenetic effects of different wave length of UV radiation (260, 320 and 400 nm) were investigated on Allium cepa. The physiologic changes investigated with the measurement of germination percentage, root length and weight gain, cytogenetic changes determined with micronucleus (MN) formation and chromosomal aberrations under a light microscope. Healthy and approximately equal sized Allium cepa bulbs were used in this study. All seeds of the control and treatment groups were germinated in tap water, and seeds of treatment groups treated with 260, 320 and 400 nm wave length of UV radiation. As a result, UV radiation treatment decreased the root length, weight gain and germination percentage and this increase were determined as inversely proportional to wavelength. UV radiation treatment also encougered various chromosomal aberrations and MN formation and this encouragement shows that DNA molecules absorb UV radiation at 260 nm wavelength as the best. As a result, we are constantly exposed UV radiation because of the sun's rays has toxic effects in certain wavelengths is demonstrated using the Allium cepa test material

Keywords


Cytogenetic, Physiology, UV radiation, Allium cepa

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17776/csj.52512

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