Doğu Anadolu Bölgesinde yaşayan hastaların mandibular interforaminal alanda mental foramenin karakteristiği: konik ışınlı bilgisayarlı tomografi çalışması

Abdullah Seçkin Ertuğrul, Hacer Sahin, Sami Kara
2.682 1.064

Abstract


Objectives: The location and configuration ofthe mandibular canal and mental foramen areimportant considerations in surgical proceduresinvolving the mandible, such as in dental implanttreatment, and in sagittal split ramus osteotomy.The purpose of the present investigation was toclarify the occurrence, location and variations of themental foramen using cone beam computerizedtomography images of the Eastern Anatolia Regionpeople.Materials and Methods: In this study theYüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Dentistry's 742patients were evaluated using computerizedtomography in order to plan dental implanttreatment, to determine impacted teeth positions, orto evaluate pathologic lesions. The mean distancesbetween the mental foramen and the inferior,superior, and lingual mandibular borders weremeasured using cone beam computerizedtomography. Also, the mental foramen’s meanmeziodistal diameter and mean apicocoronaldiameter were evaluated.Results: The mean age of the participants was39.1, with the ages ranging from 20 years old to 60years old. Mental foramen measurements wereevaluated on the mandibular cross-sectional imagesusing cone beam computerized tomographycomputer software. The mean distance was 5.85mm between the mandibular inferior border andmental foramen;11.24 mm between the mandibularsuperior border and mental foramen and 3.44 mmbetween the mandibular lingual border and mentalforamen. The mental foramen’s mesiodistaldiameter was measured to be 2.95 mm and theapicocoronal diameter was 2.78 mm.foramenin ortalama meziodistal çapı 2,95 mm veapikokoronal çapı 2,78 mm olarak belirlenmiştir.Sonuç: Mental foramenin, mandibula inferior,superior ve lingual kenarlarına olan uzaklığı, mentalforamenin meziodistal ve apikokoronal çapıhastalara göre farklılık göstermektedir. Mentalforamen konumunun iyi bilinmesi periodontalcerrahi ve implant cerrahi sırasında oluşabilecekparalizi ve hemoraji gibi komplikasyonları en azaindirmektedir. Konik ışınlı bilgisayarlı tomografianatomik yapıların saptanmasında etkili birdiagnostik teknik olduğu belirlenmiştir.. Bu çalışmaDoğu Anadolu Bölgesi’nde yaşayan insanlarınmental foramen konumlarının belirlendiği ve budeğerlerin cinsiyet ve yaşa göre karşılaştırıldığıbirçalışmadır.computerized tomography is aneffective diagnostic technique for localizing themental foramen. This is a study to determine theEastern Anatolian Region population’s mentalforamen location.

Keywords


Mental foramen, cone beamcomputerized tomography.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7126/cdj.2013.1865

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