Çocuklarda ve adolesanlarda periodontal hastalıklar

Metin Çalışır, Aysun Akpınar
3.302 1.434

Abstract


Periodontal diseases are frequently seen inchildren as in adults even though periodontaltissues of children differ from those of adults.Among the two most common periodontal diseases,gingivitis, compared to the periodontitis, is morefrequently seen in children. The initial phase of aperiodontal disease in a child may be a strongindicator of an advanced periodontal disease later inthe life of the child. Therefore, early diagnosis andtreatment of these diseases are important. If at-riskpatients and families are determined and specialtreatment programs are applied then the prevalenceof the periodontal diseases may be reduced in thesociety

Keywords


Periodontal diseases, children andadolescents.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7126/cdj.2013.1421

References


Academy Report. Periodontal disease of children and adolescents. J. Periodontol 2003;74:1696-1704.

Stamm J.W. Epidemiology of gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol 1986;13:360-370.

Bimstein E. Periodontal health and disease in children and adolescents. Pediatr Clin North Am 1991;38:1183120

Carranza FA. Gingival diseases in childhood. In: Newman MG, Takei HH, Klokkevold PR. Carranza’s Clinical Periodontology. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2006:404-410.

Reddy S. Periodontal diseases in children and young adolescents. Essentials of Clinical Periodontology and Periodontics. Second Edition. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, 2008:177-184.

Lindhe J. Modifying Factors: Diabetes, Puberty, Pregnancy and the Menopause and Tobacco Smoking.In: Lindhe J, Karring T. Lang NP. Clinical Periodontology and implant dentistry. Munksguard, Kopenhag: Blackwell, 2008:179-197.

Oh TJ, Eber R, Wang HL. Periodontal diseases in the child and adolescent. J Clin Periodontol 2002;29:400-410.

Moore W, Holdeman L, Smibert R. Bacteriology of experimental gingivitis in children. Infect Immun 1984;46:1-6.

Matsson L, Goldberg P. Gingival inflammatory reaction children at different ages. J Clin Periodontol 1985;12:98-103.

Seymour GG, Crouch MS, Powell RN. The phenotypic characterization of lymphoid cell subpopulation in gingivitis in children. J Periodont Res 1981;16:582-592.

Page RC, Schroeder HE. Pathogenesis of inflammatory periodontal disease. A summary of current work. Lab Invest 1976;33:235-249.

Grossman E, Proskin H. A comparison of the efficacy and safety of an electric and a manuel children’s toothbrush. J Am Dent Assoc 1997;128:469-474.

Suzuki JB. Diagnosis and classification of the periodontal disease. Dent Clin North Am 1988;32:195-216.

Nakagawa S, Fujii H, Machida Y, Okuda K. A longitudinal study from prepuberty to puberty of gingivitis. Correlation between the occurence of Prevotella internedia and sex hormones. J Clin Periodontol 1994;21:658-665.

Seymour RR, Ellis JS, Thomason JM. Risk factors for drug-induced gingival overgrowth. J Clin Periodontol 2000;27:217-223.

Chapple IL. Periodontal diseases in children and adolescents: classification, aetiology and management. Dental Update 1996;23:210-216.

Mariotti A. Dental plaque-induced gingival diseases. Ann Periodontol 1999;4:7-17. Glickman I. Acute Vitamin C Deficiency and the Periodontal Tissues. J Dent Res 1948 27: 201-210.

Armitage G. Development of a classification system for periodontal diseases and conditions. Ann Periodontol 1999;4:1-6.

Baer PN. The case for periodontosis as a clinical entity. J Periodontol 1971;42:516-520.

Haraszthy V, Hariharan G, Tinoco E. Evidence fort he role of highly leukotoxic Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans in the pathogenesis of localized and other forms of early-onset periodontitis. J Periodontol 2000;71:912-922.

Moore W, Moore L. The bacteria of periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000 1994;5:66-77.

Dennison DK, Van Dyke TE. The acute inflammatory response and the role of phagocytic cells in periodontal health and disease. Periodontol 2000 1997;14:54-78.

Page RC, Altman LC, Ebersole JL. Rapidly progressive periodontitis: A distinct clinical condition. J Periodontol 1983;54:197-209.

Wilson ME, Zambon JJ, Suzuki JB, Genco RJ. Generalized juvenile periodontitis, defective neutrophil chemotaxis and Bacteroides gingivalis in a 13-year-old female. J Periodontol 1985;56:457-463.

Novak MJ, Stamatelakys C, Adair SM. Resolution of early lesions of juvenile periodontitis with tetracycline therapy alone: Long-term observations of 4 cases. J Periodontol 1991;62:628-633.

Van Winkelhoff AJ, Rams TE, Slots J. Systemic antibiotic therapy in periodontics. Periodontol 2000 1996;10:45-78.

Van Winkelhoff AJ, Graaff J. Microbiology in the management of destructive periodontal disease. J Clin Periodontol 1991;18:406-410.

Blankenstein R, Murray JJ, Lind OP. Prevalence of chronic periodontitis in 13–15–year-old children. A radiographic study. J Clin Periodontol 1978;5:285-292.

Bernick S, Cohen DD, Baker L, Laster L. Dental disease in children with diabetes mellitus. J Periodontol 1975;46:241-245.

Orbak R, Simsek S, Orbak Z, Kavrut F, Colak M. The influence of type-1 diabetes mellitus on dentition and oral health in children and adolescents. Yonsei Med J 2008;49:357-365.

Lalla E, Cheng B, Lal S, Kaplan S, Softness B, Greenberg E, Goland RS, Lamster IB. Diabetes-related parameters and periodontal conditions in children. J Periodontal Res 2007;42:345-349.

Tinanoff N, Tanzer JM, Kornman KS, Maderazo EG. Treatment of the periodontal component of PapillonLefèvre syndrome. J ClinPeriodontol 1986;13:6–10.

Watanabe H, Goseki-Sone M, Limura T, Oida S, Orimo H, Ishikawa I. Molecular diagnosis of hypophosphatasia with severe periodontitis. J Periodontol 1999;70:688-691.

Delcourt-Debruyne EMC, Boutigny HRA, Hildebrand HF. Features of severe periodontal disease in a teenager with Chediak-Higashi Syndrome. J Periodontol 2000;71:816-824.

Hartman KS, Colonel L. Histiocytosis X: A review of 114 cases with oral involvement. Oral surg 1980;49:38-54. Warkany J, Hubbard DM. Acrodynia and mercury. J Pediatr 1953;42:36538

Leggott PP, Robertson PP, Greenspan D, Wara DW, Greenspan JS. Oral manifestations of primary and acquired immunodeficiency disease in children. Pediatr Dent 1987;9:98-104.

Izumi Y, Sugiyama S, Shinozuki O, Yamazaki T, Ohyama T, Ishikawa I. Defective neutrıphil chemotaxis in Down’s syndrome patients and its relationship to periodontal destruction. J Periodontol 1989;60:238-242.

Barr-Agholme M, Dahllof G, Modeer T, Engstron P, Engstrom GN. Periodontal conditions and salivary immünoglobulins in individuals with Down Syndrome. J Periodontol 1998;69:1119-1123.

Beighton P, De Paepe A, Steinman B, Tsipouras P, Wenstrup RJ. For the Ehlers-Danlos National Foundation (USA) and Ehlers-Danlos Support Group (UK) Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes: Revised nosology. Am J Med Genet 1998;77:31-77.

Perez LA. Treatment of Periodontal Disease in a Patient With EhlersDanlos Syndrome. A Case Report and Literature Review. J Periodontol 2002;73:564-570.

Main DMG. Acute herpetic stomatitis: referrals to Leeds Dental Hospital 1978-1987. Br Dent J 1989;166:14-16.

Dohvoma CN. Primary herpetic gingivostomatitis with multiple herpetic whitlows. Br Dent J 1994;177:251-252.

Straus SE, Schmader KE, Oxman MN. Varicella and herpes zoster. In: Fitzpatrick TB; Freedberg IM, Eisen AZ, Wolff K, Austen KF, Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, eds. Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Company;2003:2070-2085.

Odom RB, James WD, Berger TG. Viral diseases. In: Andrew’s Diseases of the Skin: Clin Dermatol. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company, 2000:473-525.

Field EE, Brookes V, Tyldesley WR. Recurrent aphthous ulceration in children: a review. Int J Paed Dent 1992;2:1-10.

Scully C, Porter S. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis:current concepts of aetiology, pathogenesis and management. J Oral Pathol Med 1989;18:21-27.

Potoky JR. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a proposed therapeutic regimen. J Oral Med 1981;36:44-46.

Porter SS, Scully C, Pedersen A. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 1998;9:306-321.

Assimakopoulos D, Patrikakos G, Fotika C, Elisaf M. Benign migratory glossitis or geographic tongue: an enigmatic oral lesion. Am J Med 2002;113:751-755.

Sigal MJ, Mock D. Symptomatic bening migratory glossitis: report of two cases and literature review. Pediatr Dent 1992;14:392-396.

Loesche WJ, Grossman NS. Periodontal Disease as a Specific, albeit Chronic, Infection:Diagnosis and Treatment. Clin Microbiol Rev 2001;14:727-752.

Courtois GJ, Cobbí CM, Killoy WJ. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis: A Transmission electron microscope study. J Periodontol 1983;54:671-679.

Listargen M. Electron microscopic observations on the bacterial flora of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. J Periodontol 1965;36:328-339.

Jimenez M, Baer PN. Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis in children: a 9year clinical study. J Periodontol 1975;46:715-720.

Fitch H, Bethant H, Alling C, Munns C. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. J Periodontol 1963;34:422-426.

Johnson B, Engel D. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. A review of diagnosis, etiology and treatment. J Periodontol 1986;57:141-150.




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Gayriticari-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported Lisansı