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Author Guidelines

Submitting a paper to CDJ is free of charges. In addition, CDJ has not have article processing charges.


  • Authors whose native language is not English should obtain the assistance of an expert in English and scientific writing before submitting their manuscripts. Manuscripts that do not meet basic language standards will be returned pre-review.

Authors are requested to submit their original manuscript and figures via the online submission and editorial system for Cumhuriyet Dental Journal. Using this online system, authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.

Manuscript length depends on manuscript type. In general, research and clinical science articles should not exceed 20 to 12 double-spaced, typed pages (excluding references, legends, and tables). Clinical Reports and Technique articles should not exceed 4 to 5 pages. Paper dimensions should be 8.5 × 11 inches with 2.5 cm margins on all sides.

use normal, plain font (12-point Times New Roman)
number all pages consecutively.
indent or space paragraphs.
Articles should be arranged in the following order. Title, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Legends to Illustrations.

Title page
-Authors (first name, middle initial, surname) e.g. Faik Tugut, DDS, PhD,a
-Authors' addresses (abbreviated) e.g.
aAssistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.
-If the research was presented before an organized group, type the name of the organization and the location and date of the meeting.



-Corresponding Author details (essential): Name, complete address, phone, fax, and E-mail numbers

Should not exceed 300 words and should be presented under the following subheadings: Objectives, Materials and Methods; Results; Conclusions (For Reviews: Objectives; Data; Sources; Study selection; Conclusions). These subheadings should appear in the text of the summary. Provide a short, nonstructured, 1-paragraph abstract that briefly summarizes the problem encountered and treatment administered for clinical report.

Up to 10 keywords should be supplied e.g. Er:YAG laser, composite resin, adhesion.

This must be presented in a structured format, covering the following subjects, although not under subheadings: succinct statements of the issue in question; the essence of existing knowledge and understanding pertinent to the issue; and the aims and objectives of the research being reported.

Materials and methods
-describe the procedures and analytical techniques.
-identify names and sources of all commercial products e.g.
magnetic attachment (Hyper Slim 5513, Hitachi Metals, Tokyo, Japan )

-refer to appropriate tables and figures.
-report statistical findings.

-discuss the results of the study.
-agreement with other studies should also be stated.
-identify the limitations of the present study, and suggest areas for future research.

-concisely list conclusions that may be drawn from the research.
-do not simply restate the results.

-If the work was supported by a grant or any other kind of funding, supply the name of the supporting organization and the grant number.

-References must be identified in the body of the article with superscript Arabic numerals.
-The complete reference list, double spaced and in numerical order, should follow the Conclusions section but start on a separate page. Only references cited in the text should appear in the reference list.
-Do not include unpublished data or personal communications in the reference list.

Journal reference style:

Akin H, Coskun ME, Sari F, Tugut F. Mechanical success and failure of the different types of dental implants: two years follow up study. Cumhuriyet Dent J 2009;2:121-124.

Book reference style:

Hilton TJ. Direct posterior composite restorations. In: Schwartz RS, Summitt JB, Robbins JW (eds). Fundamentals of Operative Dentistry. Chicago: Quintessence,1996:207-228.

Tables and Figures
All tables and figures must be thoroughly discussed in the text of the manuscript.

  • one table to a page, each with a title.
  • number tables in order of mention using Arabic numerals. Do not list tables in parts (eg, Table Ia, Ib, etc.). Each should have its own number.
  • must be able to "stand alone" apart from text.
  • when appropriate, standard deviations of values should be indicated in parentheses; (do NOT use ± notation).
  • results of statistical analysis must be included, use superscript letters to indicate significant differences.
  • for explanatory footnotes, use symbols (*, #,**,##).
  • do not import the figures into the text file.
  • figures grouped together should have similar dimensions and be labelled "A, B, C", etc.
  • figures should be arranged to the width of 80 mm.
  • color and black-and-white photographs should be created and saved at a minimum of 300 dots per inch (dpi).
  • figures should be saved in jpeg format.

The electronic image files must be named so that the figure number and format can be easily identified. For example, a Figure 1 in jpeg format should be named fig 1. Multipart figures must be clearly identifiable by the file names: fig 1A, fig 1B, fig 1C, etc.

  • unique, concise axis labels; do not repeat the Figure caption.
  • uniform size for graphs of similar type.
  • type size that will be easily read when the graph is reduced to one column width.
  • lines that are thick and solid (100% black).

Figure legends

  • list together on a separate page.
  • should be complete and understandable apart from the text.
  • include key for symbols or abbreviations used in Figures.

Ethical guidelines for journal publication

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial ‘opinion’ works should be clearly identified as such.


Originality and plagiarism
The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Plagiarism takes many forms, from ‘passing off’ another’s paper as the author’s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Please be aware that all manuscripts may be subject to scrutiny using plagiarism software which detects any inappropriate duplication of text from other sources. The editors reserve the right to reject the manuscript and ban the author(s) for future submissions for a period of 3 years if, in their sole judgment, the integrity of the article is in question.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper. Publication of some kinds of articles (e.g. clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.

Acknowledgement of sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.

Authorship of the paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and human or animal subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible.

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.

Duties of Editors

Publication decisions
The editor of a peer-reviewed journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published, often working in conjunction with the relevant society (for society-owned or sponsored journals). The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers (or society officers) in making this decision.

Fair play
An editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

  • Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.
  • Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.
  • Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers.
  • Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.
  • It should be ensured that the peer-review process for sponsored supplements is the same as that used for the main journal. Items in sponsored supplements should be accepted solely on the basis of academic merit and interest to readers and not be influenced by commercial considerations.
  • Non-peer reviewed sections of their journal should be clearly identified.

Journal Self Citation
An editor should never conduct any practice that obliges authors to cite his or her journal either as an implied or explicit condition of acceptance for publication.  Any recommendation regarding articles to be cited in a paper should be made on the basis of direct relevance to the author’s article, with the objective of improving the final published research.  Editors should direct authors to relevant literature as part of the peer review process, however this should never extend to blanket instructions to cite individual journals.

Involvement and cooperation in investigations
An editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, in conjunction with the publisher (or society). Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies, and if the complaint is upheld, the publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, as may be relevant. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.

Duties of reviewers

Contribution to editorial decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication, and lies at the heart of the scientific method. CDJ shares the view of many that all scholars who wish to contribute to publications have an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing.

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.




Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. title page.
  2. one electronic copy of the manuscript.
  3. one electronic copy of each image, all labelled.

Copyright Notice

Copyright Transfer Statement


The Editorial Council for Cumhuriyet Dental Journal


The copyright to this article is transferred to Cumhuriyet Dental Journal effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. The author warrants that his/her contribution is original and that he/she has full power to make this grant. The author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive right and license to reproduce, publish, distribute and archive the article in all forms and media of expression now known or developed in the future, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or any other reproductions of similar nature. An author may self-archive an author-created version of his/her article on his/her own website and or in his/her institutional repository. He/she may also deposit this version on his/her funder's or funder's designated repository at the funder's request or as a result of a legal obligation, provided it is not made publicly available until 12 months after official publication. He/she may not use the publisher's PDF version, which is posted on, for the purpose of self-archiving or deposit. Furthermore, the author may only post his/her version provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on Springer's website. The link must be accompanied by the following text: "The final publication is available at". Prior versions of the article published on non-commercial pre-print servers like can remain on these servers and/or can be updated with the author's accepted version. The final published version (in PDF or HTML/XML format) cannot be used for this purpose. Acknowledgement needs to be given to the final publication and a link should be inserted to the published article on CDJ's website, accompanied by the text “The final publication is available at”. The author retains the right to use his/her article for his/her further scientific career by including the final published journal article in other publications such as dissertations and postdoctoral qualifications provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication. After submission of the agreement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted by CDJ.


Competing Interest Statement

All my affiliations, corporate or institutional, and all sources of financial support to this research are properly acknowledged, except when mentioned in a separate letter. I certify that do not have any commercial or associate interest that represents a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted manuscript.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Gayriticari-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported Lisansı