Analysis of cases diagnosed with fetal intracranial anomalies of a Tertiary Care Center
Objective: Our aim is to evaluate the analysis of perinatal characteristics of cases diagnosed with fetal intracranial anomaly of tertiary care center over the last 10 years.
Methods: A cross-sectional study of 59 pregnant women diagnosed with fetal brain anomalies between 11 and 33 weeks of gestational age (GA). The data were collected from the archive. After that, intracranial anomalies were divided into subtypes and how often they are seen. Descriptive statistics of collected variables were calculated.
Results: 59 cases were diagnosed with an average of 19.3 ± 5.4 weeks of gestational age. Karyotype abnormality was detected in 18.6% of cases. The most common intracranial anomalies in our study were ventriculomegaly (35.6%), Arnold Chiari malformation (20.3%) and encephalocele (20.3%).
Conclusion: Despite the challenges of early gestation, accuracy in diagnosing and counseling to family for fetal brain anomalies before 24 weeks' GA was high. A multidisciplinary approach involving pediatrics, genetics, and neurosurgery, radiology, and obstetrics and gynecology departments is crucial for counseling on perinatal diagnosis.
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