Central venous catheter malposition

Onur Avcı, Salih Yıldırım, İdris Erşan, Canan Baran Ünal, Mehmet Fatih Yörük
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Abstract


Central venous catheter (CVC) is a process used on patients who need continous intravenous medication and nutrition support. Seldinger percutaneous technique is often used to place the central venous catheter. Internal jugular vein, femoral and subclavian vein are used the most. Life threatening complications are seen more frequently in patients with central venous catheterisation. Short term compications are; artery punction, pneumothorax, hemothorax, arythmia, tamponade, air embolism, nearby nerve injury, guide wire staying inside the vein, aorta injury, catheter rupture, vein or atrium perforation. In long term, arteriovenous fistula, arterial and venous aneurism, venous trombose and various infections can occur due to catheter location and duration. A woman with central venous catheter swivel was reported in this case.

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